From the change of Chinese surname culture, interpret the source and cultural connotation of the surname of Hong

There are many interpretations in the dictionary, such as describing loud sounds, such as referring to the flood, or some water names, states, and mountain names.This word also has another meaning, which refers to the surname of Hong.Speaking of the surname of Hong, we will think of some famous Hong characters, such as Hong Xiuquan and Hong Shi.

The surname of Hong is a multi -ethnic and diverse ancient surname. From the formation of surnames, it has continued to the present, and it has changed after thousands of years.If you start from the Yuanliu, it will inevitably be slightly complicated, because early people have a lot of attention to surnames.China’s surname culture is a process of continuous development, with many changes, which contains development and changes in various aspects of society, economy, and culture.Then, we started to talk about the origin of the surname and interpret the social development of the cultural connotation of Hong.

The surname is a collective name of "last name" and "clan". Before the pre -Qin Dynasty, the two were different concepts, and the surnames appeared earlier than their clans.1. Surname

"Mandarin · Zhou Yu" said: "The surname is also born." The surname is the source of the birth of people.There are two sayings of surnames. The first is to be given by the ancestor, and the second is evolved by the totem.

The first is the story of Fuxi and son -in -law. Because they belong to myths, they are not credible. People are generally inclined to the second totem evolution.

Totem evolutionly evolved, referring to the evolution of the ancient surnames from the totem of various tribes.For example, the mother of the founder of the Xia Dynasty, Dayu, dreamed that the meteor landed and became a god beads. So she felt pregnant and gave birth to Dayu.Come).There are many examples such as such.

Therefore, it has a certain historical basis for the surname of the clan from totem to the clan.However, it was surprising that the initial "marriage" to a certain tribe was not a woman, but a man.Because most of the ancient surnames related to totems originated from the maternal society, a tribe was composed of a female offspring with a female ancestor who was extremely reproduced.Therefore, many of the ancient surnames that are currently circulated now are next to the "female".

In summary, the surname is evolved from Totem. Origin and maternal society, the role is to distinguish the tribes. Different tribes have different surnames to identify whether they can marry.2.

The appearance of the clan is late than the surname, and it is a branch of the surname, and it appears in the parent society.

The appearance of the clan was formed by the breeding of the tribe and the population of more and more population. For example, a piece of land was alive for 1,000 people and later to 10,000 people, it was difficult to satisfy survival, so it was necessary to divide it and let them recover new ones new ones.Land, independent portal.These people who are divided into new clans, but they still keep in touch with the original clan, such branches are called clans.

However, during the pre -Qin period, the generation of classes was not simple, and it was related to a certain land quality and population.Only families with their dominant status, those who have war or contribute to society have the opportunity to get land and build a new clan.For example, Yan Emperor Shennong, Huangdi Xuanyuan.Later, the family named after the division of social labor appeared. It is called the profession of engaging in.

All in all, the blood relationship of the surname representative is used to distinguish whether it can be married; the clan indicates that people’s social status is used to distinguish from expensive and low, and people who belong to the upper society can own it.3. The surname is unified

During the Qin and Han dynasties, it was a major turning point of the unity of surnames.In a slave society, only nobles have surnames. Later, they appeared, but only the upper society had the clan.Ordinary people have no surnames. For example, "Ding Ding Xie Niu" is just a chef named Ding.

At the beginning of the Qin and Han dynasties, the sub -sealing system that showed social status and distinguished from the expensive and cheapness disappeared, and the Family showed that the functions of your cheapness gradually disappeared, and the surname gradually became a word.In this way, the family was incorporated into the surname, and gradually, ordinary people also had surnames.

There are many surnames in China. From ancient times to the present, how many surnames have been, and even now they have different opinions.However, people divide their surnames into many different types depending on the source.For example, there are those who worship the names of the ancestors as the last name; there are also surnames with the name of the country, Fengyi, and the place where they are born;, Avoid revenge, avoid taboos, and avoid surnames.

Therefore, the source of a surname may not be the only one, there will be many origin, and so is the surname of Hong.

One: From the surname of Ji, it came from his branch.According to the "Liu Guitang Series", in the early years of the Song Dynasty, there was Weng Gandu in Fujian, and there were six sons.Among them, the eldest son was thick and divided into Hong, and his descendants later called Hong.

The second: originated from the surname of Jiang, after the Emperor Yan.According to the records of "Yuanhe Surnames" and "Shangshu", there were common surnames after the work. Later, in order to avoid refuge, the three -point water was changed to Hong.

Third: changed after the total country."Tongzhi Clan Strategy" records that during the Western Zhou Dynasty, his children and grandchildren were based on the country, and then added water to become Hong.

Fourth: In the Zhou Dynasty, there was a state of Yanghou, and his country was in Hongdong, so it was also known as Hongdong State.His offspring has the country as the country, called Hong’s.

Fifth: During the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the names of Emperor Wen and Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty were Tuoba Hong and Yuan Hong. In order to avoid taboos, Hong and Hong were changed to Hong.Change the surname of Hong; there are similar examples in the Qing Dynasty.

Sixth: It originated from the Mongolian, Hui, Manchu, and Yugu people.

According to scholars, the main point of view is that there are four counties in Hongshi, namely Pingshan County, Dunhuang County, Xuancheng County, and Yuzhang County.

So what is the county?Junwang was a special term that caused the door valve system during the Wei and Jin dynasties."County" is an administrative system and administrative division in ancient China.For example, we are familiar with Qin Shihuang. After he unified the six kingdoms, he implemented the county system and divided the country into thirty -six counties.

"Wang" is the "Wang family", refers to the surname of prestigious surnames, and the last name that the world looks up.

Here, Junwang has two layers of meaning. One refers to the Wang family of the county. These clan generally lived in generations of people, talented people, noblemen, prominent family, and praise from the world.Personal.The second refers to the roots and birthplace of a family.The county’s surname or family’s county refers to a county that surnames or family originates.

Therefore, Junwang is the basis for looking for roots in all surnames and ethnic groups.For example, some of the surnames in history often crowns place names in front of the surname, such as Jingzhao Duan’s, Taiyuan Wang, and Cui. The place names in front of these surnames are the county’s county.

What is the role of Junwang?One is to indicate the origin through the Junwanglai, to provide a reference for people to marry and enter the career;

However, it is not difficult to find that the existence of Junwang is actually distinguished from the wealthy monks and Hanmen in the same surname.Because the average family cannot have Jejongwang. In the past dynasties, counties are usually a means of distinguishing from expensive and low.

Knowing the Junwang, it is not difficult to understand the name of the above counties of Hong’s surnames. These people who can become Junwang are basically the names of the surname of Hong.

In ancient China, in each family, there is often a place to worship the tablet of the ancestors of the death. Therefore, each family in the old days will have a shrine of the family and give it a hall.Every time you mention your own church, you will know the source of his family and remember the merit of his ancestors.

Therefore, the original meaning of the hall is the name of the ancestral hall, which is the name and sign of the clan.The so -called family is to sacrifice the same ancestor in a temple.Each family has always been surnamed, each clan, and each family has its own church.

The church has a certain similarities with the previous county, but there are differences.They all belong to the root signs of the clan, but the Junwanghui is a level high, and the church is a clan logo at a level lower than the county.Often, county Wang can be used as the church, but most of the church cannot be used as the county.Therefore, a surname is much more than the county.

There are many ways to naming the church number, the blood relationship, the region, the prelude Jiayan Xingxing, the achievements of the ancestors, the traditional ethical norms, etc. can all become the basis for the name of the church.Among them, there are many sources of the surname of Hong, and the following are listed.

1. Wangli Hall, such as Pingshan Hall, Dunhuang Hall, Yuzhangtang, Xuanchengtang.

2. Named by the blood relationship: For example, the famous "Liugui Hall" is a church coexisting the six surnames of Hong, Jiang, Wang, Wang, Gong, Weng, and Fang in Fujian and Guangdong.According to literature, although the southern families are different, they are the same ancestors.They share a church number to explain the six surnames.

3. Taking the character of the ancestor as the church number: such as "Shuangzhong Hall", the father and son of Hong Mai, Hong Hao and Hong Mai from the Song Dynasty.When Hong Hao of the Song Dynasty made the Golden State as the servant of the Ministry of Rites, he was detained by the Jin people. He not only did not yield, but also secretly sent someone to report the situation to the Song Dynasty.Hong Hao’s son, Hong Mai, also envoy Jin Guo as a student of Hanlin. The Jin people forced him to call him "accompanying ministers" (the doctors of the princes met the emperor and claimed to be the accompanying minister). He resolutely refused, so he was detained by the Jin people.Their father and son were loyal to the motherland, and they were called "father and son double loyalty."

From ancient times to the present, there are many people surnamed Hong, but I think this patriotic minister named Hong Hao is needed.

Hong Hao, the word Guangxun, was born in the Northern Song Dynasty, Zhezong Yuanyou, who was born internally and outside, and died in the Gaozong of the Southern Song Dynasty in the Southern Song Dynasty.At the age of twenty -seven, Hong Hao took his own efforts to take the jinshi. At that time, many officials and nobles wanted to scramble him into his own door. Wang Yan and Zhu Xi in Huizong’s "six thieves" wanted to marry their daughters.give him.In the end, Hong Hao was of course rejected. For this reason, he was running flat from then on.

But every time he arrived, he tried to do his best to eliminate the disadvantages and relieve people’s suffering.When serving as the main book of Haining County, farmers were heavy and miserable.Hong Hao has a physical sentiments, changing the rules, increasing the wealthy households, and the reduction of poor households.

When Hong Hao made a record in Xiuzhou, Xiuzhou sent a large water, and the farmland was flooded.He also took the initiative to ask Junshou to undertake the task of rescue and sell Cangfu corn to the victims.

During the Shangshu of the Ministry of Ritual of the Southern Song Dynasty, Hong Hao was made to Jin Guo and was detained in the Jin Dynasty for fifteen years. He was unyielding, Qi Guan did not do it, the golden job was not scared, and the official position could not be bought.Return, known as the second Su Wu.

There are many deeds about Hong Hao. His life never lives for himself.Although he was born in troubled times, he was responsible for the governance of the world and saving the country.Such a person will definitely be famous for the history of the youth, and the descendants will be extraordinary.

Hong Shi, Hong Zun, and Hong Mai, known as the "Three Hongs", are famous in the world. These three are Hong Hao’s son.Father and son of Hong Hao.

In my opinion, the inheritance of surnames is not only the basis of the transmission of blood relationships and the basis of rooting for roots.More importantly, through the surname, the spiritual beliefs of the ancestors have been passed down.

When we inherit, we not only crowned their surnames, but also passed on the immortal spiritual value in order to not humiliate their names.

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