Women who are preparing for pregnancy are often both expecting and having a child, because after all, the changes that pregnancy to women are very large, not only at pregnancy, but also for a long time after the end of pregnancy.After pregnancy, many expectant mothers have found that their breasts have changed, such as becoming bigger, darker, milk emerge, breast pain, etc., which are mainly related to changes in hormone levels during pregnancy.In the face of these changes, everyone must learn how to care for breasts, because this is not only a granary after birth, but also one of the most important parts of their bodies.
8 changes in breasts during pregnancy
1. Breast pain
From 5 weeks of pregnancy, that is, about 40 days of pregnancy, many expectant mothers will feel that the breasts become sensitive, have swelling, itching, and even tingling.Change, the breast sensitive swelling is like a series of early pregnancy reactions such as nausea, vomiting, and chest swelling. It is a normal physiological phenomenon without too much worry.Pain is generally reduced after three months of pregnancy.
Due to changes in hormone levels in the body after pregnancy, the placenta will secrete some hormones. Increases of estrogen hormone will lead to the development of the breast, filling the breast tubes, and the swelling of the breast.Therefore, with the development of the fetus, expectant mothers will develop again. Most expectant mothers will find that they have "secondary development". The breasts increase by one or two cups. The larger breasts of pregnancy are normal phenomena during pregnancy.
3. Deep color
Many expectant mothers will find that the color of the nipple and areola has become very dark, and even looks dark. This is because the increase in estrogen hormone levels will increase the activity of melanin cells.Active causes pigmentation in some parts of the body. The most obvious, such as the deepening of the nipple and the areola, the freckles appear on the face, the long black line appears up and down on the belly, the thighs, groin, and vulva.It is caused by increased pregnancy hormone levels, which is a normal phenomenon of pregnancy.After giving birth to the baby, the color of the nipple and areola generally recover slowly.
During pregnancy, the surroundings of areolas are due to the formation of sebaceous gland hypertrophy.This is normal, don’t worry.
5. Green tendon
Some expectant mothers are scared because they find some blue or purple "blue tendons" on the breast. In fact, this is because after pregnancy, the blood supply to the breast has increased rapidly, and the veins of the chest have become more obvious.Some saying that "there is a boy with green tendons" is also unspecified.This phenomenon will slowly disappear after giving birth.
6, stretch marks
Some expectant mothers have stretch marks on the chest of the chest, showing red or purple -red lines. This is the result of the increase in breasts during pregnancy, thin skin stretching, and elastic fiber breaks.After giving birth to a baby, stretch marks will gradually fade into white stripes. Many postpartum mothers will be recovered to hardly see, and many expectant mothers will apply emulsion to removing stretch marks during pregnancy.EssencePay attention to proper exercise and balanced diet during pregnancy, and control weight in the appropriate range, and also helps prevent stretch marks.
7, secretion of lactation
It is not that the mothers’ breasts will secrete milk.Some expectant mothers will start with a small amount of milk out in the middle and late pregnancy. It looks like a light yellow thin liquid. We call it colostrum. The formal secretion of emulsion will be after childbirth.Dry the milk at this time, just dry the milk, don’t squeeze the breasts and nipples.If the amount of milk is large, it is recommended to put two slices of anti -overflow pads in the underwear to keep the chest clean and dry in time to reduce the possibility of embarrassment and eczema.
8. The auxiliary milk becomes larger
After pregnancy, not only the breasts, but also the auxiliary milk may also "develop" together. Due to the changes in hormone levels, the mothers’ sub -breast gland may also proliferate or increase.Usually, there are hard blocks on one or both sides of the underarm. Pressing it may not feel, or it may be a little pain. Generally, there is no major hindrance. The expectant mothers do n’t have to worry too much. Just pay attention to observation. In most cases, children will be relieved after giving birth.
Tips for breast care during pregnancy
Careful care for breasts during pregnancy is necessary. It can prevent some breast problems after childbirth. The expectant mothers can do this with me:
1. Wear the right bra
After pregnancy, the breasts will become bigger. The right bra can not only provide reliable support for the breast, but also ensure that the blood circulation of the breast is smooth. Therefore, it is necessary to replace the bra with the development of breasts during pregnancy.The bras of the bra should be suitable and supportive, but it cannot be too tight or too strong. The shoulder straps and the buckle behind them can choose as wide as possible, which can reduce the pressure and reduce the burden on the upper body of the pregnant woman.In addition, the material should be used for breathability, do not wear out of breathable or water -free chemical fiber bra.Many expectant mothers will prepare breastfeeding bras in advance. In fact, breastfeeding bras can not only be worn after giving birth, but also very suitable for wearing during pregnancy.
2. Pay attention to the cleaning of the breast
Since the child is born on the granary, cleaning and hygiene are naturally important. Specific mothers should pay attention that when bathing, you only need to rinse the breast with water, use shower gels and soap, and do not wipe it vigorously.Washing does not need to be too frequent, because the sebaceous glands in the areola will secrete a large amount of fatty substances. These substances cover the surface of the nipples and areola, which can play a role in lubrication and protection. It is a "natural barrier".The natural oil on the surface of the nipples and areola makes the breast loses the protection.Specific mothers who secrete the collapse can apply milk to the nipples and areolas, so that it will air dry naturally, which will also help protect the breast.
3. Relieve breast tenderness
Facing breast tenderness, you can try to relieve in the following way:
Light diet: reduce salt intake in appropriate amount, and eat less foods containing caffeine and tea polyphenols, such as coffee, black tea, green tea, etc.
Hot or ice -applying: The effect of each person is different after applying it. Some people will be relieved after hot compresses, and some people are more effective with ice compress. You can try to see which method is more effective.
1. Do not scratch when you feel itchy nipples. Scratching with nails may cause skin damage and cause inflammation;
2. Try to avoid stimulating the nipples when the husband and wife are in the same room, otherwise it will promote oxytocin secretion, cause contractions, and affect the baby.
3. The expectant mothers with a nipple depression are easy to worry about unable to breastfeed after giving birth, so they start to find out the nipples out of various ways during pregnancy.It is conceivable that tossing the nipples will inevitably stimulate the nipples. In fact, it is not necessary. Specific mothers can pull the nipples after giving birth, or can also use auxiliary nipples to complete breastfeeding.
4. The mothers who have no bigger in the breast during pregnancy. Worried that the milk is not enough to affect breastfeeding. In fact, it can be relaxed, because the amount of milk has nothing to do with the size of the breast.Doing breast care during pregnancy and postpartum allowing babies to suck more is the winning magic weapon to ensure the amount of milk.
5. Some expectant mothers have breast hyperplasia and breast fibroma before pregnancy. Pay attention to observation during pregnancy. If there are abnormal situations, they must be reviewed in time to communicate with the doctor.