The latest criteria for the four normal values of blood lipids are usually: total cholesterol 2.83 ~ 5.20 mmol/L; 0.45 ～ 1.69mmol/L; high -density lipoprotein 0.93 ~ 1.93mmol/L; low density lipoprotein 0 ～ 3.12mmol/llEssence
The lipids contained in plasma are collectively referred to as blood lipids and are essential substances for the basic metabolism of life cells.Generally speaking, exogenous and endogenous lipid substances need to be operated between each tissue through blood.
Blood lipid content can reflect the metabolism in the body.It is usually reflected in the four values of total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein, and low density lipoprotein.
People often ask what the hazards of high blood lipids are. First of all, we must realize that blood lipids are an important substance in the human body. There are many very important functions, but it cannot exceed a certain range.
If there is too much blood lipids, it is easy to cause "blood thick", and it is deposited on the wall of the blood vessels, and small plaques (that is, "atherosclerosis" that we often call) these "plaques" increase and increase, and gradually block the blood vessels.Slow blood flow and severe blood flow were interrupted.If this happens in the heart, it will cause coronary heart disease;
If you occur in the brain, the brain stroke will occur; if the blood vessels are blocked, the vision will decrease and blind; if it occurs in the kidneys, it will cause kidney arteriosclerosis and renal failure;
When it occurs in the lower limbs, limb necrosis, ulceration, etc. will occur.Hyperlipidemia can cause hypertension, bilestone, pancreatitis, aggravate hepatitis, cause male sexual dysfunction, and dementia.The latest research suggests that hyperlipidemia may be related to the onset of cancer.
Now that it has entered the winter, many people feel cold, and this is also the season when cardiovascular disease is high.Fruit is a must -eat food in our lives, because the trace elements contained in fruits are very rich and can help strengthen the body.
Many people like oranges are very much love, and all kinds of oranges have different tastes, but the nutrients they contain are very rich.
I do n’t know when, some people have rumored that patients with hyperlipidemia cannot eat oranges. First of all, we need to break this rumor, because oranges are a very healthy fruit that helps to protect blood vessels and prevent hyperlipidemia.
Some people think that patients with hyperlipidemia cannot eat oranges because the sugar contained in it is relatively high. Too much sugar intake will inevitably increase the risk of obesity, and it will also promote the formation of thrombosis. At this timeThe sugar contained in it is natural sugar and is not as scary as expected.
Eating oranges in patients with hyperlipidemia can help reduce blood lipids, because orange contains a large amount of dietary fiber, which can help speed up metabolism and promote harmful substances in the body, which is ideal for improving blood vessel elasticity.
Orange contains a large amount of vitamin C. It has certain benefits for preventing porridge hardening plaques. Drinking a cup of orange juice every day can better reduce the cholesterol level in the body and accelerate blood flow.
Fruit is a food that we often eat in our lives, but some fruits contained in the fat is indeed higher, which will promote the increase in blood lipids. I hope everyone can control the mouth.
Fat content: 4.1%/100 grams
Sugar content: 23.3%/100 grams
Calories: 153 kcal/100 grams
Durian itself is very high in calories. If you eat frequently, it will promote the continuous heat in the body, which will be more likely to greatly affect blood sugar and blood lipids. It will also cause the body to become fatter and even increase the burden of digestion.
Fat content: 15%/100 grams
Calories: 171 kcal/100 grams
Eating avocado alone during weight loss can absorb nutrients and ensure the intake of high -quality protein. However, if you consume more protein at the same time, you will continue to increase blood lipids, and avocado should still control intake.
Fat content: 35%/100 grams
Calories: 241 kcal/100 grams
Some people especially like to drink coconut juice in life, and some people like coconut meat, which contains relatively high fat.Some people will make coconut oil with coconut, and the amount of saturated fatty acids reaches more than 80%.
1. Eat less refined grain.The daily intake of carbohydrates accounts for 50%to 65%of the total energy. Do not have white rice and white noodles. Eat more whole grains, mainly grains, potatoes and whole grains.
The dietary fiber in all grains is relatively rich. Dietary fiber is a carbohydrate that cannot be digested and absorbed by the human body. It can combine cholesterol and bile acid to reduce the absorption and recycling of cholesterol. Eating more whole grains can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
2. Eat a pound of fresh vegetables every day.Eat 400 to 500 grams of fresh vegetables every day and 200 to 350 grams of fruits.Vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals and plant antioxidants, which can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The nutrients contained in vegetables are relatively abundant. It is recommended that you must match your own diet reasonably in your life. It is mainly a light diet, which will help strengthen the body to purify the blood vessels.
3. Increase exercise.It is recommended to perform medium -intensity exercise 5 to 7 times a week and at least 30 minutes each time.Energy intake of overweight or obese should be lower than energy consumption, and the daily dietary energy decreases by 300 to 500kcal.
Usually pay attention to improving the diet structure, strive to control BMI between 18.5 and 23.9, at the same time, men with no more than 90 cm and women do not exceed 85 cm.
4, quit smoking limit alcohol.Fully quit smoking and effectively avoid inhaling second -hand smoke, which can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.Promote restrictions on drinking.Those who have long -term excessive drinking enthusiasts should reduce the amount of drinking and choose low alcohol. Alcohol -dependent ones can use drugs to treat alcohol.
After quitting smoking and drinking, it can reduce the risk of physical canceration and help increase blood vessel elasticity. It is very ideal for preventing hyperlipidemia complications.
Clinically, a large part of patients need to take blood lipids for a long time, especially the elderly with heart disease and cerebrovascular disease, and they need to take lipid -lowering drugs for a long time.Lipid lower drugs include the following two categories:
1. Reduce total cholesterol and low -density lipoprotein cholesterol drugs, including Hisine, such as Simvastatin, Putastine, Attica, and other Jetine;
2. Reduce triglyceride drugs, such as β -biptet, non -Nobeltate and other oral lipid -lowering drugs.In general doses, triglyceride can be reduced by 25%-50%, and total cholesterol reduction can reach 30%-40%.
If you can’t meet the standards, you need to adjust the drug under the guidance of a doctor. At the same time, you need to improve your living habits, such as eating less fat, eating less oil, eating less salt, appropriate exercise, and improving in other aspects.