Pregnancy is a very important stage in women’s lives, and it is also a period of changes in the body and immune system.During this period, pregnant women should pay special attention to preventing infections, because infection will not only affect their health, but also harm the development of the fetus and the future health.This article will introduce some common pregnancy infections and how to prevent and treat them.
“” Why should pregnant women avoid infection?
Infection refers to the process of invading the human body (such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, etc.) and causing inflammatory reactions.Pregnant women are more prone to infection due to hormone levels and immune systems, and the severity of infection may be higher.In addition, some infections may be spread to the fetus through placenta or during childbirth, causing the fetus to have serious consequences such as congenital defects, premature birth, abortion, and death.Therefore, pregnant women should try to avoid infection and protect the health of herself and fetuses.
“” How does pregnant women infection?
Pregnant women can obtain infection from different channels and sources, such as:
-A contact or shared items with others, such as kissing, handshake, co -drinking, common tableware, etc.
-A contact with animals or cleaning animal feces, such as touching, feeding, cleaning cat sand boxes, etc.
-Exy by mosquito or other insects, such as when outdoor or traveling
-The food or water contaminated or drinking, such as unsolved meat, raw milk products, unclean fruits and vegetables, etc.
-The sexual behavior with sexual partners, such as no condom or other contraceptive measures
“” What should I know about vaccine and pregnancy?
Vaccine is a medical method that can prevent some serious or fatal infections.It stimulates the human body to produce resistance by injection or orally, and it can effectively resist them when encountering real pathogens in the future.Some vaccines can be used safely during pregnancy, and it is necessary for all pregnant women, including:
-Flu vaccine: Influenza is a respiratory tract infection caused by the flu virus, which can cause symptoms such as fever, cold war, muscle soreness, cough, or sore throat.If pregnant women suffer from influenza, they may cause severe complications, such as pneumonia, respiratory failure, and premature birth.Therefore, it is recommended to vaccinate the flu vaccine before the influenza season to protect yourself and the fetus.
-The Bai Bai Crims Vaccine: Bai Bai Po is the collective name of the three diseases caused by three bacteria, which are:
-Ditty -tetanus: Caused by tetanus, can cause muscle stiffness and spasm, which can cause breathing difficulties and death in severe cases.
-White throat: Caused by leukines, can cause thick white membranes in the throat, block the respiratory tract, cause breathing difficulties and suffocation.
-The pertussis: caused by Bacteria Bacteria, which can cause severe cough attacks, which last for several weeks or even months, affecting breathing and sleep.For babies, pertussis may lead to serious consequences such as pneumonia, brain injury, convulsions, and death.
Even if the Baibai is vaccinated before, the doctor will still recommend it again at the third month of each pregnancy (27-36 weeks) again to enhance its immunity and pass the antibody to the fetus through the placenta, so as to thusA few months after the birth of the fetus was exempted from the violations of pertussis.
-COVID-19 vaccine: COVID-19 refers to "2019 coronary virus disease". It is a new type of respiratory infection caused by the SARS-COV-2 virus, which can cause symptoms such as fever, dry cough, and breathing difficulties.There are currently many COVID-19 vaccines have been developed and vaccinated in different countries and regions.According to the current research results, experts recommend pregnant women to vaccinate the COVID-19 vaccine, because if pregnant women suffer from COVID-19, they may increase the risk of severe illnesses and premature birth.Before vaccination, the advantages and disadvantages of different types of vaccines can be discussed with doctors or midwives, and decisions can be made based on their own health and the popularity of the area.
“” Which other infections can cause problems during pregnancy?
In addition to the infection that can be prevented by vaccination above, there are many other infections that may also bring health problems to pregnant women and fetuses, such as:
-S small virus infection, also known as "Fifth Disease": This is a common infection caused by small virus B19, mainly through respiratory droplets or blood transmission.It can cause red spots on the face, chest, back, arms, and legs, as well as joints and body sore symptoms.Most people had been infected and immune to in childhood.However, if pregnant women are infected with small viruses for the first time during pregnancy, they may increase the risk of abortion or fetal anemia (too low hemoglobin level).Therefore, if you have come into contact with people or children who have a small virus infection, you should go to the hospital as soon as possible to check your blood to determine whether you have immunity or infection.If you are infected, the doctor will regularly monitor the situation of you and the fetus and give treatment if necessary.
-Ghoidal infection: This is a parasitic infection caused by a bowworm. It is mainly transmitted by eating contaminated meat, fruits, vegetables or water, or contacting or cleaning cat feces with cats.成  It can cause symptoms such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and muscle soreness.Most people do not have obvious symptoms after infection, but if pregnant women are infected for the first time during pregnancy, they may increase abortion, dead tires, congenital bowworm diseases (the fetus, brain, or other organs damage)risk.Therefore, if you may be exposed to Toxoplasma during pregnancy, you should go to the hospital to check your blood to determine whether you have immunity or whether it has been infected.If you are infected, the doctor will give treatment according to your situation and regularly monitor the situation of you and the fetus.In addition, you should avoid the following behaviors that may cause infection:
-Stead, don’t eat unsuspicious or frozen meats, especially lamb and pork
-Stead, don’t eat unswasted or peeled fruits and vegetables
-Stead to drink without disinfection or boiling water
-Do Don’t contact the cat or clean up the cat dung. If you have to do it, wear gloves and wash your hands thoroughly
-Stins do not contact wild animals or their feces
-Spiler: This is a skin infection caused by chickenpox-shingles virus, which can cause red, blister-like rash, and severe burning or tingling symptoms on one side.Most people had been infected with chickenpox in childhood and developed immunity.However, if pregnant women are infected with chickenpox for the first time during pregnancy, they may increase the risk of abortion, premature birth, congenital chickenpox syndrome (injury to the skin, eyes, brain, or other organs in the fetus.Therefore, if you have not vaccinated chickenpox vaccines or are not sure if there are immunity, you should try to avoid contact with people with chickenpox or shingles.If you accidentally come into contact, go to the hospital immediately to check your blood and receive treatment if necessary.
-Ginetitis: This is a infectious infection caused by mumps virus, which can cause symptoms such as mumps, fever, headache, sore throat.Most people had inoculated mumps vaccine and developed immunity during their childhood.However, if pregnant women are infected with mumps for the first time during pregnancy, they may increase risk of abortion or premature birth.Therefore, if you have not been vaccinated with mump vaccines or are not sure if there are immunity, you should try to avoid contact with people with mumps.If you accidentally come into contact, go to the hospital immediately to check your blood and receive treatment if necessary.
-Sharma: This is a infectious infection caused by rubella virus, which can cause symptoms such as rash, fever, lymph nodes.Most people have vaccinated rubella vaccines and developed immunity during their childhood.However, if pregnant women are infected for the first time during pregnancy, they may increase the risk of miscarriage, dead tires, congenital rubella syndrome (the fetus appears in the heart, eyes, ears, or other organs.Therefore, if you have not vaccinated the rubella vaccine or are not sure if there are immunity, you should try to avoid contact with people with rubella.If you accidentally come into contact, go to the hospital immediately to check your blood and receive treatment if necessary.
-The sexual communication infection: This is a type of infection caused by different pathogens, mainly through sexual behavior or mother and baby.They can cause different symptoms, such as abnormal secretions, urethral tingling, genital herpes, genital warts, etc.If pregnant women have sexually transmitted infections, they may increase risk of abortion, premature birth, fetal infection, and newborn eyeitis.Therefore, if you have sex during your pregnancy, you should go to the hospital regularly to check whether you and your sexual partners have sexually transmitted infections and receive treatment if necessary.In addition, you should follow some of the following preventive propaganda infections:
-Seng the relationship between loyalty and trust with your sexual partner
-Ad sexual condoms or other contraceptive measures for each sexual behavior
-Onfive sexual behavior with people who have multiple personal partners or sexually transmitted infections
-Che completely clean the genitals and hands before and after sexual behavior
-On avoid use of lubricants or other items that may cause trauma or allergies
-Duria infection: This is a urinary system infection caused by bacteria, which can cause symptoms such as frequent urination, urgency, dysuria, turbid urine or blood.If pregnant women have urinary tract infections, they may increase risk of premature birth and fetal low weight.Therefore, if you have the above symptoms during pregnancy, you should go to the hospital immediately to check your urine and receive treatment if necessary.In addition, you should follow some of the following suggestions to prevent urinary tract infection:
-Drise enough water every day to keep the urine clear
-When the bladder regularly, do not urinate
-Wipe it from back after defecation to avoid bacteria from entering the urethra
-The bladder and clean genitals in front and rear of sexual behavior
-So avoid using items that may stimulate urethra or change vaginal acidity, such as soap, foam bath, vaginal rinsee, etc.
Pregnancy is a special and beautiful period, and it is also a period of paying special attention to preventing and treating infection.In order to protect the health of herself and the fetus, pregnant women should inoculate the necessary vaccines in time to avoid contact with people or things that may lead to infection. They regularly go to the hospital to check whether there is infection and receive treatment if necessary.At the same time, pregnant women should also maintain good living habits and moods, enhance their resistance and immunity, and enjoy happiness and happiness during pregnancy.If everyone likes my work, remember to pay attention, I will continue to output high -quality health science articles