Beijing News (Reporter Dai Xuan) Recently, the first affiliated hospital of Tsinghua University treated a patient with a huge amount of polyps at a giant sticker with a diameter of 7 cm, which was generally large as the eggs.Experts reminded that over 90 % of colon cancer is transformed from colonic adenoma polyps, and colon polyps often have no symptoms, and only discovered through colonoscopy.
Mr. Song, 66, has often been in stool in recent years. Sometimes he has blood in the stool. He always thought that it was because he hemorrhoids or improper diet and did not pay attention.Recently, with the urging family, painless colonoscopy examination was made at the Department of Gastroenterology at the First Affiliated Hospital of Tsinghua University.
As soon as the colonoscopy entered 30 cm, the doctor found that there was a huge bulging polypy meat -like lesion in the sigmoid colon, with a diameter of 7.0 cm. It was almost large, almost blocked the entire intestinal cavity, and the polypy meat surface was not flat.Further inspection found that the surface of the microvascular and gonads on the surface of the polyps has the possibility of local cancer.
The huge polyp in the intestinal of the patient.Photo Conferring in Tsinghua University First Affiliated Hospital
After fully communicating with the patient’s family, the hospital experts performed endoscopic mucosal resection of the patient.During the postoperative observation, patients had no postoperative complications such as bleeding, perforation, and infection, and was discharged smoothly.A week later, the patient’s returns showed that the pill -shaped tumor in the patient’s body had local cancer. Fortunately, it was in the mucous membrane and did not infiltrate deeply. The treatment of endoscopy had been completely removed.
According to the experts of the hospital, according to relevant research, more than 90%of colon cancer transformed from colonic adenoma polyps. The progress of its progress is small polyps → large polyps → severe alien hyperplasia → original cancer → infiltrated cancer.In 5-10 years, there were differences in the speed of progress in different individuals, and there were a few cases of rapid progress.
Catal polyps often have no symptoms, only discovered through colonoscopy.Some patients may have abdominal pain or abdominal discomfort; change habits change, including chronic constipation, chronic diarrhea, or irregularity when they are dry; changes in stool traits (thinning, grooves, blood, mucus, etc.).
And the disease may develop again: abdominal mass; intestinal obstruction related to symptoms: abdominal pain, abdominal distension, nausea and vomiting, stop exhausting and defecation; systemic consumption symptoms, such as anemia, weight loss, fatigue, low fever, etc.Therefore, patients with the above symptoms, or even if there is no symptom, but those who are older than 40 years old and first -level relatives (parents, siblings, children) have a history of colon cancer, they need to be screened in time in time.
Edit Liu Mengjie