Experts said that the prevention of preventive medications 1-2 weeks before the peak period of pollen can reduce the severe symptoms of pollen peak period; patients with pollen allergies should minimize outdoor activities during the peak of pollen, do not walk to the wind, avoid going to parks, wild outside and other allergic pollen, etc.Large regional activities; develop good living habits, healthy diet, regular work, get up early and get up early, do not stay up late, can also reduce the allergic symptoms of the pollen period to a certain extent.
The spring is here.While the brilliant red decoration on the ground, the pollen began to float.
The daily pollen concentration monitoring of the abnormal reaction department of Beijing Century Hospital affiliated to the Capital Medical University has found that the Beijing region has entered the peak period of spring pollen in Beijing.According to its data, on March 8, the concentration of the main sensitization pollen in local air in local areas reached more than 3,600 capsules per thousand square meters.This year’s first allergy season has arrived.
Flour allergy is in immune disorders
"Patients are allergic to pollen, which generally indicates that the patient’s autoimmune dysfunction is disordered. The body’s immune system wrongly identifies the original harmless pollen as a" harmful substance ".Wang Xueyan, director of the abnormal response center of Beijing Century Altar Hospital affiliated to the university.
Wang Xueyan told reporters that the main symptoms of pollen allergies are itching, nasal congestion, sneezing, and flowing water. Some patients may be accompanied by itching, itching of the ears, itching of the upper jaw, itching of the skin, itching of the skin, and urticaria.It will be accompanied by cough, chest tightness, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.
"The allergies of pollen have obvious seasonality and time. It can last for several months. The severity of the symptoms is closely related to the type and quantity of contact with pollen, but generally not accompanied by systemic symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle soreness."explain.
Flour allergies can take specific immunotherapy
Wang Xueyan suggested that patients with pollen allergies should go to the hospital for formal diagnosis and treatment.
"First of all, you need to check the allergens in the perverted reaction department and the relevant departments. After clarifying the allergens, the doctor will provide different diagnosis and treatment plans based on the specific condition." Wang Xueyan said.
She said that during the peak of pollen, the general symptoms are more obvious. The symptoms of drugs are the main treatment, supplemented by immune regulation therapy, and the symptoms are mainly based on specific immunotherapy.
Specific immunotherapy is the treatment of the cause.According to Wang Xueyan, specific immunotherapy is one of the effective methods recommended by international guidelines.
"After clarifying the patient’s allergens, the method of subcutaneous injection or under -tongue service can gradually increase the allergen extract to improve the patient’s tolerance to the allergen.Even no longer onset, reduce medication or no longer medication. "Wang Xueyan said.
It is understood that the period for the best specialty immunotherapy in the spring of pollen allergies is June to February of the following year; the best specialty immunotherapy period in autumn is from October to July of the following year.
"So, now it is the best time to treat patients with allergies in autumn." Wang Xueyan said.
Do a good job of reducing the symptoms of pollen allergies
"Preventing pollen allergies, not only should I go to the hospital to determine which pollen is caused by my allergies, but also clear whether it is allergic to a single pollen, or allergic to a variety of pollen.explain.
The spring pollen period in the Beijing urban area is from March to May. The types of superior pollen in different months are different. In March, Baike, Yang, and Elite are the main types; in AprilMatsumi, mulberry and birch are mainly.
"Combined with pollen monitoring, doctors will put forward reasonable preventive measures and treatment suggestions based on the types and quantities of pollen allergies, and decide the time of medication." Wang Xueyan said.
She said that the prevention of preventive medication 1-2 weeks before the peak period of pollen can reduce the severe symptoms of the peak period of pollen.
"For example, those with mild symptoms in previous years can use nasal spray in advance. Those with eye symptoms can drip eye drops. Those with severe symptoms can take anti -histamine and white trisine receptor antagonists in advance." Wang Xueyan suggested suggestionsPatients with pollen allergies should minimize outdoor activities during the peak of pollen. Do not walk to the wind to avoid regional activities with large amounts of allergens such as parks and fields.If you must go out, it is recommended to wear pollen protective masks.
"Because pollen allergic patients are also often allergic to some foods, in the pollen period, eating fruits need to pay attention to whether the upper jaw itching and pharyngeal itching are appeared.This kind of food is to avoid aggravating symptoms. "Wang Xueyan said.
"In addition, develop good living habits, healthy diet, regular work, get up early and get up early, stay up late, can also reduce the allergic symptoms of the pollen period to a certain extent." Wang Xueyan added.(Su Jingjing)
Source: Science and Technology Daily